Linux, what is it and what can it do? Quite a lot really believe it or not!
Linux is a unix like operating system assembled under the model of free and open source software development and distribution. The development of Linux is one of the most prominent examples of free and open source software collaboration: the underlying source code may be used, modified, and distributed commercially or non-commercially—by anyone under licenses such as the GNU General Public License. Linux distributions are known as 'Distros'. The Distros have a Windows like feel, works with most PCs and laptops, in fact there is no reason not to run Linux as a main OS and ditch Windows altogether.With so many collaborators working freely, Linux has become a powerful OS, used by the business industry, Governments and personal users. The initial problem with hardware drivers are almost overcome and most Distros run out of the box, as it were. Most wireless drivers are recognised and some manufacturers not have drivers available for Linux, especially printers. It is interesting to note that more than 90% of today's 500 fastest supercomputers run some variant of Linux. And nearly all Web Servers run Linux.
The defining component of Linux is the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on 5 October 1991, by Linus Torvalds, A Finnish American Software engineer. Linus was the principal force behind the project, he later became the chief architect of the Linux Kernel. There are many variants of Linux and some will be listed below.
Linus does have a geek side! And a comment, perhaps with a right click or a finger post to MS Windows
Linux is not difficult to learn but installing software can be a little daunting at first. Using the 'Terminal', it is easy to install via the 'sudo' command. sudo stands for super doer, similar to administrator in windows. Terminal is similar to Windows CMD command prompt. sudo apt-get install <package_name> will install the package.
Nearly all distros come bundled with Office like apps, Open Office and Libre Office are full Office suites similar and work with MS Office. The bonus is that they are free. Audio-visual editing software are included together some good games.
If you want to try Linux, download one of the linux distros below, and run it from the DVD 'live'.
Linux may be an option if you have an old machine running MS XP for instance where support is about to end. Linux uses less resources and therefore give a much needed boost to old iron!
Linux in general is much safer than Windows, in that it less vulnerable to Virus and Malware attacks. However, this may change in the future as Linux takes a firmer hold of the user market.
This writer did Dual Boot Ubuntu for some while. The only problem was that you had to close either Windows or Linux and the select the OS. Times have changed and we have other options called Virtual Machines. A virtual environment allows you to 'mount' any other OS within Windows. Versions include 64 bit options.
A summation of the change to Linux for everyday use, either private / home or business / commercial is the cost content of a home user or the IT department. Initially the home user is 'pretty happy' with his / her new found product.
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This writer does,
Run Multiple Operating Systems. And why not. It gives you the option to try / test, and of course you can work in another OS without the continual need to reboot to get into the OS you need, a problem with multibooting.
UBUNTU is one of the most popular of all the distributions. It is upgraded every 6 months, the picture here is version 13.04 ( April, the next will be 13.10 October ).
Ubuntu is named after the South African philosophy "humanity towards others". South African Mark Shuttleworth, the first South African in space, founded Canonical Ltd. and as of 2012, provides leadership for the Ubuntu operating system.
It is a fully bundled OS with much community support.
Linux Mint 15 “Olivia” Xfce released! comes a very close second and is gaining in popularity. fce is a lightweight desktop environment which aims to be fast and low on system resources, while still being visually appealing and user friendly. This edition features all the improvements from the latest Linux Mint release on top of an Xfce 4.10 desktop.
ZORIN is an up and coming Linux to the market. It really does have a 'windows' feel to it.
Zorin OS is a multi-functional operating system designed specifically for Windows users who want to have easy and smooth access to Linux. It is based on Ubuntu which is the most popular desktop Linux operating system in the world.
UberStudent is a free, user-friendly Linux distribution for learning, doing, and teaching academic success at the higher education and advanced secondary levels. Researchers, knowledge workers, lifelong learners, as well as anyone who just wants a highly-polished, ready-to go computing platform will equally benefit.
'UberStudent fundamentally redefines what it means to be an operating system for education. At core, it is a pedagogically cohesive academic success curriculum integrated into an installable, easy-to-use, and full-featured learning platform. Learning UberStudent means learning the tasks and habits common to all academically successful students. Learning UberStudent also means learning not only computer literacy, but computer fluency, due to its open source nature.'
Fedora 'We believe we should use and distribute the software and content we promote to accomplish our mission of advancing free software. We provide free alternatives to proprietary code and content to make Fedora completely free and redistributable for everyone. That way, anyone can use any of our work for their own purposes, without legal hassles, to further spread free software.'
What more can you say!!
ULTIMATE EDITION Ultimate Edition Gamers has been around for some time and has become known as a clean fast gaming OS. Ultimate Edition Gamers 3.0 is the first Gamers release built from a lite edition. This allowed us to add more games while maintaining a fine selection of applications for every day use. Gamers not only comes with over 30 games that rock out of the box, it includes emulators allowing access to virtually 1000′s of additional games. Still not happy? Wine, winetricks and PlayOnLinux is also pre-installed allowing you to play your windows based games. Ultimate Edition Gamers 3.0 has the most games pre-installed of any release to-date.
As you can see, there are many options to suit all; ENJOY!!